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This review will provide the CRCNPB with a basis for strategic investment into the technologies that have the potential to be developed into effective insect control systems compatible with grain handling logistics.

What is the biosecurity problem?

The evolution of biotypes of insect pests of stored grain resistant to phosphine within Australia and the possibility that other highly resistant biotypes may enter the country in imported grain threatens to jeopadise the sustainabliity of this key fumigant. Chemical and non-chemical alternatives to phosphine need to be developed to continue to ensure market access for Australian grain.

The main output of this project is to:

Reports on the practicability and potential for adoption by the grain industry of the range of chemical and non-chemical alternatives to phosphine.

Who will be the end-users of this research?

The CRCNPB and the grain industry. This review will provide industry, through the CRCNPB, with a basis for strategic investment into the technologies that will ensure future security and market access for Australian grain.


Dr Patrick Collins
Project Leader CRC50092: Alternatives to phosphine review
Phone: 07 3255 4467
Fax: 07 3846 6371

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January 2008 - December 2008


Delivery and Adoption Program Image


Commercialisation and utilisation.


Realisation by stakeholders of the benefits of the CRCNPB, as the result of adoption of improved knowledge-based systems by government, universities and plant industry organisations, and commercialisation of new technologies through the private sector.

Indicators of success


Engagement with end-users through advisory groups.

High reputation and recognition of the CRCNPB with scientific and government biosecurity community.


Awareness of capacity of the CRCNPB to deliver benefits to industry and as a preferred supplier of biosecurity research in Australia.


End-user utilisation of CRCNPB outputs captured by measurable and definable indicators including, but not limited to the number of:


  • PDAs deployed
  • remote microscope nodes established
  • hits on the Plant Biosecurity Toolbox
  • new diagnostic protocols submitted to SPHDS 
  • on-farm insect management workshops conducted, and
  • schools teaching the Plant Pest Investigators unit.

Practice Change:

Identifiable change in practice as a consequence of CRCNPB outputs including, but not limited to:


  • new risk analysis tools utilised by the horticultural industry to prioritise biosecurity threats
  • new diagnostic protocols being utilised as diagnostic standards
  • new insect and pathogen eradication strategies utilised to reduce the financial and community impact of incursions
  • new stored grain fumigation techniques implemented by bulk handlers
  • new grain grower change management and knowledge transfer strategies deployed, and
  • new fruit fly surveillance techniques implemented by state agencies.


Delivery And Adoption Research Projects

CRC70036: National Communication Strategy FrameworkMr Jim McGrath

New and emerging industries have a unique opportunity to establish good biosecurity at an integral stage of the development of an industry. This would allow best practices to be established more

CRC70085: Personal Digital Assistants (phase two)Assoc Prof Giles Hardy

This project was an extension of an earlier scoping project CRC30014 that developed software to collect more

CRC70096: Grain Knowledge NetworksDr Sharyn Taylor

This project aimed to develop an effective knowledge exchange strategy for the grains industry to improve its phosphine insect resistance management outcomes through identification of the methods more

CRC70100: Optimal Investment in R&D for Plant BiosecurityA/Prof Ben White

The operation of export supply chains for agricultural and horticultural produce depends on compliance with the biosecurity standards set for export markets. This project used a systems based more

CRC70138: An Indigenous community and local knowledge-based model to manage harmful plant pests and diseasesDr David Eagling

This project seeked to proactively manage incursion threats through the development of new Indigenous and local knowledge-based approaches to biosecurity management. This requires drawing together more

CRC70186: Understanding myrtle rust epidemiology and host specificity to determine disease impact in Australia

Myrtle rust (eucalyptus/guava rust) caused by the fungus Puccinia psidii affects plants in the Myrtaceae family, which includes many Australian natives such as eucalypts, paperbark, more


To facilitate the delivery, commercialisation and utilisation of all program outputs to appropriate end-users in a manner that will ensure maximum adoption of new plant biosecurity technologies and skills.