@article { NPB1559, title = {Influence of temperature and humidity on toxicity of phosphine against strongly resistant Liposcelis bostrychophila Badonnel (Psocoptera: Liposcelididae), a cosmopolitan pest of stored commodities.}, journal = {Pest Management Science }, year = {2008}, pages = {64: 971-976}, publisher = {Wiley}, abstract = {

BACKGROUND: The psocid Liposcelis bostrychophila Badonnel, is a widespread, significant pest of stored commodities, has developed strong resistance to phosphine, the major grain disinfestant. The aim was to develop effective fumigation protocols to control this resistant pest.

RESULTS: Time to population extinction of all life stages (TPE) in days was evaluated at a series of phosphine concentrations and temperatures at two relative humidities. Regression analysis showed that temperature, concentration and relative humidity all contributed significantly to describing TPE (P < 0.001, R2 = 0.95), with temperature being the dominant variable, accounting for 74.4% of the variation. Irrespective of phosphine concentration, TPE was longer at lower temperatures and high humidity (70% RH) and shorter at higher temperatures and low humidity (55% RH). At any concentration of phosphine, a combination of higher temperature and lower humidity provides the shortest fumigation period to control resistant L. bostrychophila. For example, 19 and 11 days of fumigation are required at 15 ◦C and 70% RH at 0.1 and 1.0mg L−1 of phosphine respectively, whereas only 4 and 2 days are required at 35 ◦C and 55% RH for the same respective concentrations.

CONCLUSIONS: The developed fumigation protocols will provide industry with flexibility in application of phosphine.

}, author = {Nayak, M and Collins, P } }