0 Ian Falk Kaler Surata Wayan Mudita Eka Martiningsih Bronwyn Myers 2008 'Community Management of Biosecurity: Overview of some Indonesian studies’ (English language ed) Learning Communities: International Journal of Learning in Social Contexts Kritis, Indonesia and Learning Communities, Australia 06/2008 <p>&lsquo;Plant Biosecurity is a set of measures designed to protect a crop, crops or a sub-group of<br /> crops from emergency plant pests at national, regional and individual farm levels&rsquo; (Plant<br /> Health Australia, 2005).</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>This research asks what &lsquo;set of measures&rsquo; can communities<br /> adopt that will assist in the identification and management of the plant pests and diseases<br /> that affect their food supplies and livelihoods? How can these measures, or strategies, be<br /> described and how can communities engage with the issues and knowledge about plant<br /> biosecurity in sustainable ways? Rephrased, the question for this research is: How do<br /> communities acquire new knowledge and develop new strategies for identifying and<br /> managing the plant pests and diseases that affect their food supplies and livelihoods?<br /> Literature scans and preliminary discussions between Indonesian and Australian<br /> institutions and communities about biosecurity established an urgent need to understand<br /> its intricacies and applicability, especially in relation to community management of<br /> biosecurity.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>The term &lsquo;biosecurity&rsquo; is relatively new in Indonesia. In order to increase<br /> knowledge of ways communities can engage and manage plant biosecurity effectively, a<br /> mixed methods quantitative and qualitative study was conducted in three diverse sites<br /> involving a total of 185 respondents. Quantitative analyses at a coastal village in West<br /> Timor (Site C) showed that Biosecurity awareness, knowledge, and actions are related to<br /> social capital. Social capital variables involved in the relations are unique for each of<br /> these biosecurity aspects. The results of qualitative analyses showed that local (and<br /> Indigenous) knowledge is a vital factor in the way communities view biosecurity, and<br /> indeed the ways they can engage with new knowledge and practices associated with<br /> managing pests and diseases. However, local knowledge is only one part of the story. The<br /> actual structure of a community &ndash; its organizations and network connections &ndash; and the<br /> processes the leadership engages across those structures &ndash; make a lie of the apparent<br /> similarities in community governance structures, such as the Desa (village) and Banjar<br /> (sub-administrative body) with their respective Heads. This has potentially dramatic<br /> impacts on engagement and management of new knowledge and strategies. The study<br /> shows that there is a clear need for additional research into the relationships between the<br /> two processes and structures of communities and the ways new knowledge and outside<br /> knowledge are acted upon. This is shown to be especially important in relation to how<br /> policy on plant biosecurity can be implemented effectively.</p> http://www.cdu.edu.au/centres/spil/journal/JournalJune2008.pdf